HugeGraph-Client Quick Start

1 Overview Of Hugegraph

HugeGraph-Client sends HTTP request to HugeGraph-Server to obtain and parse the execution result of Server. Currently only the HugeGraph-Client for Java is provided. You can use HugeGraph-Client to write Java code to operate HugeGraph, such as adding, deleting, modifying, and querying schema and graph data, or executing gremlin statements.

Now we support HugeGraph client SDK tool based on Go language (version >=1.2.0)

2 What You Need

  • Java 11 (also support Java 8)
  • Maven 3.5+

3 How To Use

The basic steps to use HugeGraph-Client are as follows:

  • Build a new Maven project by IDEA or Eclipse
  • Add HugeGraph-Client dependency in pom file;
  • Create an object to invoke the interface of HugeGraph-Client

See the complete example in the following section for the detail.

4 Complete Example

4.1 Build New Maven Project

Using IDEA or Eclipse to create the project:

4.2 Add Hugegraph-Client Dependency In POM

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.hugegraph</groupId>
        <artifactId>hugegraph-client</artifactId>
        <version>${version}</version>
    </dependency>    
</dependencies>

4.3 Example

4.3.1 SingleExample
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.GraphManager;
import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.GremlinManager;
import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.HugeClient;
import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.SchemaManager;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.constant.T;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.graph.Edge;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.graph.Path;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.graph.Vertex;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.gremlin.Result;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.gremlin.ResultSet;

public class SingleExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        // If connect failed will throw a exception.
        HugeClient hugeClient = HugeClient.builder("http://localhost:8080",
                                                   "hugegraph")
                                          .build();

        SchemaManager schema = hugeClient.schema();

        schema.propertyKey("name").asText().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("age").asInt().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("city").asText().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("weight").asDouble().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("lang").asText().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("date").asDate().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("price").asInt().ifNotExist().create();

        schema.vertexLabel("person")
              .properties("name", "age", "city")
              .primaryKeys("name")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.vertexLabel("software")
              .properties("name", "lang", "price")
              .primaryKeys("name")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("personByCity")
              .onV("person")
              .by("city")
              .secondary()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("personByAgeAndCity")
              .onV("person")
              .by("age", "city")
              .secondary()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("softwareByPrice")
              .onV("software")
              .by("price")
              .range()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.edgeLabel("knows")
              .sourceLabel("person")
              .targetLabel("person")
              .properties("date", "weight")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.edgeLabel("created")
              .sourceLabel("person").targetLabel("software")
              .properties("date", "weight")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("createdByDate")
              .onE("created")
              .by("date")
              .secondary()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("createdByWeight")
              .onE("created")
              .by("weight")
              .range()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("knowsByWeight")
              .onE("knows")
              .by("weight")
              .range()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        GraphManager graph = hugeClient.graph();
        Vertex marko = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "person", "name", "marko",
                                       "age", 29, "city", "Beijing");
        Vertex vadas = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "person", "name", "vadas",
                                       "age", 27, "city", "Hongkong");
        Vertex lop = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "software", "name", "lop",
                                     "lang", "java", "price", 328);
        Vertex josh = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "person", "name", "josh",
                                      "age", 32, "city", "Beijing");
        Vertex ripple = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "software", "name", "ripple",
                                        "lang", "java", "price", 199);
        Vertex peter = graph.addVertex(T.LABEL, "person", "name", "peter",
                                       "age", 35, "city", "Shanghai");

        marko.addEdge("knows", vadas, "date", "2016-01-10", "weight", 0.5);
        marko.addEdge("knows", josh, "date", "2013-02-20", "weight", 1.0);
        marko.addEdge("created", lop, "date", "2017-12-10", "weight", 0.4);
        josh.addEdge("created", lop, "date", "2009-11-11", "weight", 0.4);
        josh.addEdge("created", ripple, "date", "2017-12-10", "weight", 1.0);
        peter.addEdge("created", lop, "date", "2017-03-24", "weight", 0.2);

        GremlinManager gremlin = hugeClient.gremlin();
        System.out.println("==== Path ====");
        ResultSet resultSet = gremlin.gremlin("g.V().outE().path()").execute();
        Iterator<Result> results = resultSet.iterator();
        results.forEachRemaining(result -> {
            System.out.println(result.getObject().getClass());
            Object object = result.getObject();
            if (object instanceof Vertex) {
                System.out.println(((Vertex) object).id());
            } else if (object instanceof Edge) {
                System.out.println(((Edge) object).id());
            } else if (object instanceof Path) {
                List<Object> elements = ((Path) object).objects();
                elements.forEach(element -> {
                    System.out.println(element.getClass());
                    System.out.println(element);
                });
            } else {
                System.out.println(object);
            }
        });

        hugeClient.close();
    }
}
4.3.2 BatchExample
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.GraphManager;
import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.HugeClient;
import org.apache.hugegraph.driver.SchemaManager;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.graph.Edge;
import org.apache.hugegraph.structure.graph.Vertex;

public class BatchExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // If connect failed will throw a exception.
        HugeClient hugeClient = HugeClient.builder("http://localhost:8080",
                                                   "hugegraph")
                                          .build();

        SchemaManager schema = hugeClient.schema();

        schema.propertyKey("name").asText().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("age").asInt().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("lang").asText().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("date").asDate().ifNotExist().create();
        schema.propertyKey("price").asInt().ifNotExist().create();

        schema.vertexLabel("person")
              .properties("name", "age")
              .primaryKeys("name")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.vertexLabel("person")
              .properties("price")
              .nullableKeys("price")
              .append();

        schema.vertexLabel("software")
              .properties("name", "lang", "price")
              .primaryKeys("name")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("softwareByPrice")
              .onV("software").by("price")
              .range()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.edgeLabel("knows")
              .link("person", "person")
              .properties("date")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.edgeLabel("created")
              .link("person", "software")
              .properties("date")
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        schema.indexLabel("createdByDate")
              .onE("created").by("date")
              .secondary()
              .ifNotExist()
              .create();

        // get schema object by name
        System.out.println(schema.getPropertyKey("name"));
        System.out.println(schema.getVertexLabel("person"));
        System.out.println(schema.getEdgeLabel("knows"));
        System.out.println(schema.getIndexLabel("createdByDate"));

        // list all schema objects
        System.out.println(schema.getPropertyKeys());
        System.out.println(schema.getVertexLabels());
        System.out.println(schema.getEdgeLabels());
        System.out.println(schema.getIndexLabels());

        GraphManager graph = hugeClient.graph();

        Vertex marko = new Vertex("person").property("name", "marko")
                                           .property("age", 29);
        Vertex vadas = new Vertex("person").property("name", "vadas")
                                           .property("age", 27);
        Vertex lop = new Vertex("software").property("name", "lop")
                                           .property("lang", "java")
                                           .property("price", 328);
        Vertex josh = new Vertex("person").property("name", "josh")
                                          .property("age", 32);
        Vertex ripple = new Vertex("software").property("name", "ripple")
                                              .property("lang", "java")
                                              .property("price", 199);
        Vertex peter = new Vertex("person").property("name", "peter")
                                           .property("age", 35);

        Edge markoKnowsVadas = new Edge("knows").source(marko).target(vadas)
                                                .property("date", "2016-01-10");
        Edge markoKnowsJosh = new Edge("knows").source(marko).target(josh)
                                               .property("date", "2013-02-20");
        Edge markoCreateLop = new Edge("created").source(marko).target(lop)
                                                 .property("date",
                                                           "2017-12-10");
        Edge joshCreateRipple = new Edge("created").source(josh).target(ripple)
                                                   .property("date",
                                                             "2017-12-10");
        Edge joshCreateLop = new Edge("created").source(josh).target(lop)
                                                .property("date", "2009-11-11");
        Edge peterCreateLop = new Edge("created").source(peter).target(lop)
                                                 .property("date",
                                                           "2017-03-24");

        List<Vertex> vertices = new ArrayList<>();
        vertices.add(marko);
        vertices.add(vadas);
        vertices.add(lop);
        vertices.add(josh);
        vertices.add(ripple);
        vertices.add(peter);

        List<Edge> edges = new ArrayList<>();
        edges.add(markoKnowsVadas);
        edges.add(markoKnowsJosh);
        edges.add(markoCreateLop);
        edges.add(joshCreateRipple);
        edges.add(joshCreateLop);
        edges.add(peterCreateLop);

        vertices = graph.addVertices(vertices);
        vertices.forEach(vertex -> System.out.println(vertex));

        edges = graph.addEdges(edges, false);
        edges.forEach(edge -> System.out.println(edge));

        hugeClient.close();
    }
}

4.4 Run The Example

Before running Example, you need to start the Server. For the startup process, seeHugeGraph-Server Quick Start.

4.5 More Information About Example

SeeIntroduce basic API of HugeGraph-Client.